Landlords & Homeowners

Lead Safe,
Sound Environment

Maintaining your property is vital to retaining and increasing its value.  

Lead hazards have a negative impact on property appreciation and are common to older rental properties. Making your property lead-safe could be easier—and more affordable—than you think.

You could qualify for grants and loans.

Lead Safe Requirements for Landlords and Tenants for Properties Built Before 1978

For DIY Renovators and Homeowners

Buying a home with lead paint was never part of your plan. Even though making your home lead safe is your responsibility, you’re not on your own.

Considerations in addressing lead paint hazards

  • Lead paint is safe as long as it is intact and covered by new paint, siding, or other coverings. 
  • When painting for lead safety, NEVER dry scrape; scraping sends lead dust and chips throughout your property which is very hazardous.  
  • ALWAYS wet scrape and use lead-safe work practices. Learn more.  The EPA Renovation, Repair, and Painting Rule (RRP) requires that all renovations, repairs, and painting performed in pre-1978 housing must be done by or under the supervision of a certified renovator.  
  • Landlords, contractors, and property managers doing the work themselves are required to take a class and earn EPA RRP certification which provides everything needed to perform repairs using lead-safe work practices.  
  • For properties written up for lead hazards by the City of Buffalo or by the Erie County Department of Health, property owners can register for a Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP) class held by the County by contacting for class schedule and registration. Class fee: $110 must be pre-paid. The session is free to veterans (must show military ID).  
  • Additional Renovation, Repair and Painting classes in the area can be found on the EPA website. 
  • Homeowners can participate in free training provided by the Erie County Health Department. Class schedule is online. Email to schedule a training session.   
  • If you hire a contractor, hire a professional certified in Renovation, Repair, and Painting (RRP) Find a certified contractor here.  

Residential inspections

Both the City of Buffalo and the Erie County Department of Health have regulations to ensure that housing meets health and safety requirements. To request an inspection in Buffalo, call 311. For Erie County, email    

Currently, the City of Buffalo is placing a sharper focus on the conditions of non-owner occupied one-and two-family homes because 80% of childhood lead poisoning occurs in those units. The Department of Permits & Inspections has launched an inspection program focused on one- and two-family homes that are used as rental properties. These inspections are performed at no cost to the owner and will not be initiated by a complaint; they will occur as part of a regular inspection schedule.  All occupied properties will be scheduled for proactive inspection by the department and will be required to maintain a Certificate of Rental Compliance to be eligible for rental. 

To learn more about this new program, visit the city’s website or download the Proactive Rental Inspection Brochure. You can make sure you’re ready for a Proactive Rental Inspection Review by completing the Proactive Rental Inspection Checklist.  

Learn more about lead poisoning and its effect on children here. 

Register for a free training course

Register today for a free training course offered by the Erie County Department of Health on how to protect yourself and your family from being exposed to lead hazards.


Ayat, Buffalo Landlord

“I got ahead of lead with grant funding.”

Ayat received financial assistance to help protect his family with new lead-safe windows, doors, and siding. 

Lead Safe Work Practices

Use plastic sheeting to contain contaminated dust when scraping or disturbing lead paint

Wet/spray surfaces before and during any scraping or sanding (no electric tools!)

Skilled cleanup/wipe test for dust